1914

28 June Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip from Serbia.
28 July Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
1 August Germany declares war on Russia.
4 August Germany marches its army through Belgium to attack France. Britain goes to Belgium’s aid and declares war on Germany.
Early August Polytechnic members are asked to enlist and The Rangers company is mobilised.
6 August Ambulance training classes begin at the Polytechnic.
7 August First members of the British Expeditionary Force land in France.
13 August First squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps arrive in France.
September Polytechnic establishes its War Fund to help men fighting in Europe.
2 September Lt-Col Ian Hogg, son of Quintin Hogg, dies fighting in Northern France.

1915

19 January First Zeppelin air raid on Britain kills 7 people.
14–15 February Captain Lionel Studd, son of JEK Studd and Major Vincent Hoare, son-in-law of Quintin Hogg are killed fighting near Ypres, Belgium.
March British Government asks women to sign up for war work.
  Over 1,600 Polytechnic men are on active service.
22 April Chemical warfare begins with the first use of gas in the trenches.
23 May Italy declares war on Germany and Austria.

1916

25 January British Government passes the Military Service Act – Conscription is introduced in Britain.
21 February Battle of Verdun begins – the longest and costliest battle of the war.
1 July Battle of the Somme begins – the British outnumber the Germans but 7 British die to every 1 German. The total number of British casualties on the first day is 60,000.
18 November Battle of the Somme ends with a total of over 1 million casualties sustained during the battle.
20 December Battle of Verdun ends with a total of over 700,000 casualties sustained during the battle.

1917

Training courses begin at the Poly for the rehabilitation of soldiers.
6 April America declares war on Germany.
6 December German bombers attack London killing 162 people.

1918

1 April The RAF is formed.
July At the Battle of the Marne the Allies start driving the Germans back.
9 November Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees Germany.
11 November Armistice Day – peace is agreed.  The Poly holds a service of thanksgiving

1919

January Approximately 1,000 men and women have now been trained at the Polytechnic.
28 June Treaty of Versailles is signed.
July Memorial service held at the Poly for fallen members of The Rangers.

University of Westminster
309 Regent Street, London W1B 2UW
General enquiries: +44 (0)20 7911 5000
Course enquiries: +44 (0)20 7915 5511

The University of Westminster is a charity and a company limited by guarantee.
Registration number: 977818 England
Accessibility | Cookies | Terms of use and privacy